Matan Kahana, the deputy Minister of Religious Services to the Israeli Knesset, announced on June 2 that he would hire women in Jewish leadership positions for communities across Israel. In what capacity? Advisers of Jewish law relating to mikvah, or yoatzot halacha.
Recently, there has been a growing demand among Orthodox Jewish women — particularly in the Dati Leumi, or more Modern Orthodox subgroup — for reliable female-led counseling on halachic issues that they consider too sensitive to bring to men (such as taharas hamishpacha or family purity).
Until this point, the rabbinate in Israel has resisted the communal normalization of yoatzot halacha because being a certified yoetzet isn’t the same as a rabbinic ordinance, but might look like one from the outside. However, the need and desire from modern and centrist Orthodox Jewish women grows by the day, and continues to spread to even more right-wing communities. Normalizing women advising on sensitive religious issues for other women has been a careful balancing act of respecting the valuable traditions of halacha and “the realities of the community.” The Israeli government will pay 21 women to be advisers on Jewish law this year.
Prior to this announcement, women have been encouraged to study the intricacies of taharas hamishpacha and other halachic questions at the Nishmat midrasha, founded by Rabbi Yehuda Herzl Henkin (ztl) and his wife Rabbanit Chana Henkin. In addition to training yoatzot, Nishmat operates a 24-hour Yoetzet hotline, and has a dedicated program known as Maayan which enables Ethiopian Israeli women to study Torah and prepare for college.
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Not a cause for celebration (in my opinion). Every single Rav I’ve ever spoken to (over many years) regarding sensitive shaalos has been unfailingly kind, polite, respectful and wise.
In my opinion, the opportunity for a woman to present her shaala directly to Rabanim, whose great and beautiful minds plumb Torah day and night, is a gorgeous, precious thing.
The above change is tragic (in my opinion). People are destroying precious, irreplaceable opportunities and mesora without even sensing the enormity of what they’re doing (once again, in my opinion!).
Thanks for your comment. No one is saying to stop going to rabbanim directly. Yoatzot don’t pasken. They answer easy questions and bring the shaila to the rav when there is an issue. When a yoetzet was brought to a shul in the town I lived in 20 plus years ago when I first got married, the Rav of the shul made a fascinating remark. He was getting just as many shailas as he ever did. But with a female advisor, there were a whole new group of women asking who had never asked. When you don’t ask you end up often being more strict. By having a female advisor available, countless couples are reuniting sooner and likely more babies are being born. I’d call that cause for celebration. One more thing- there was actually a yoetzet Halacha in the times of Rav Yehuda Hanassi. Nechama Price gave a shiur on this. It’s in the Gemara. So we actually have a mesora that had gotten lost for a woman to advise women.